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  • 做实验室装潢这些您不知道就亏大了!
    来源: 浏览:次 发布日期:2019-03-11
    一、供水和排水请求:供水要保证必需的水压、水质和水量以满足仪器设备正常运转的需求。房间内部总阀门应设在易操作的显著地位。下水道应采取应用耐酸碱腐蚀的资料,空中应有地漏。
    First, water supply and drainage requirements: water supply should ensure the necessary water pressure, water quality and quantity to meet the requirements of normal operation of instruments and equipment. Indoor main valves should be located in a prominent position that is easy to operate. Sewerage shall be provided with acid and alkali corrosion resistant data, and ground leakage shall occur in the air.
    二、供气与供电:有条件的化验室可装置管道煤气。化验室的电源分照明用电和设备用电。照明好采取应用荧光灯。设备用电中,24h运转的电器如冰箱单独供电,其他电器设备均由总开关把握,烘箱、 摄氏炉等电热设备应有专用插座、开关及熔断器。在房间内部及走廊上安顿应急灯,备夜间忽然停电时运用。
    Gas supply and power supply: Conditional laboratories can install pipeline gas. The power supply of laboratory is divided into lighting power supply and equipment power supply. Fluorescent lamps are preferred for lighting. In the power supply of the equipment, the 24-hour running appliances such as refrigerators are powered separately, and other electrical equipment are controlled by the main switch. Electrical heating equipment such as ovens and high-temperature furnaces should have special sockets, switches and fuses. Install emergency lights indoors and corridors for use during sudden power outages at night.
    三、通风设备:由于化验work中常常产生有毒或易燃的气体,易于 化验室要有良好的通风条件,通风设备普通有3种:
    实验室装潢
    3. Ventilation equipment: Because toxic or flammable gases are often produced in laboratory work, laboratories should have good ventilation conditions. There are generally three types of ventilation equipment:
    (1)部分排气罩:普通装置在大型仪器发作有害气体部位的上方。在教学实验室中产生有害气体的上方,设置部分排气罩以减少房间内部空气的污染。
    (1) Part of the exhaust hood: The common device is above the place where the harmful gas occurs in the large-scale instrument. In order to reduce indoor air pollution, a part of the exhaust hood is installed above the harmful gas produced in the teaching laboratory.
    (2)通风柜:这是实验室策划常用的一种部分排风设备。可采取应用防火防爆的金属资料制造通风柜,内涂防腐涂料,通风管道要能耐酸碱气体腐蚀。风机可装置在顶层机房内,并应有减少震动和噪音的安装,排气管应高于屋顶2m如该。
    (2) Ventilator: This is a part of ventilation equipment commonly used in laboratory design. Can use fire and explosion-proof metal materials to manufacture ventilation cabinets, coated with anticorrosive paint, ventilation pipelines to be able to resist acid and alkali gas corrosion. The fan can be installed in the top room, and should be installed to reduce vibration and noise. The exhaust pipe should be higher than 2 m above the roof.
    (3)全室通风:采取应用排气扇或通风竖井,换气次数普通为5次/时。
    (3) Ventilation of the whole room: Exhaust fan or ventilation shaft is used, and the ventilation times are usually 5 times per hour.
    四、建筑请求:化验室的建筑应耐火或用不易熄灭的资料建成,隔断和顶棚也要思索到防火性能。窗户要能防尘,房间内部采光要好。门应向外开,大的实验室应设两个出口,以利于发作不测时人员的撤离。
    4. Building Requirements: Laboratory buildings should be built with fire-resistant or non-extinguishable materials, and partitions and roofs should also be considered for fire protection performance. Windows should be dust-proof and indoor lighting should be good. The door should be open to the outside, and the large laboratory should have two exits to facilitate the evacuation of personnel in case of an unexpected attack.
    五、实验台:主要由台面、台下的支架和暂时贮藏柜组成,为便当操作,台上可设置药品架,台的两端可装置水槽。台面常用耐蚀贴面理化板、耐蚀实芯理化板、环氧树脂板或 摄氏陶瓷板等制成。理想的台面应平整、不易碎裂、耐酸碱及溶剂腐蚀,耐寒,不易碰碎玻璃器皿等。
    5. Test bench: It is mainly composed of a table, a bracket under the table and a temporary storage cabinet. For convenient operation, a medicine rack can be set on the table, and a water tank can be installed at both ends of the table. Countertops are usually made of corrosion-resistant veneer physical and chemical board, corrosion-resistant solid core physical and chemical board, epoxy resin board or high temperature ceramic board. Ideal countertops should be flat, not fragile, acid and alkali resistance and solvent corrosion, heat resistance, not easy to break glassware, etc.
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