Building a safety standard laboratory is the responsibility of all laboratory staff. How to build a perfect laboratory has become the pursuit of all laboratory builders. This paper introduces the latest overall laboratory solution.
The first step: laboratory planning and design scheme: professional door-to-door survey, accurate data analysis, laboratory property analysis, determine the planning direction and master design scheme;
Step 2: laboratory furniture scheme: laboratory furniture is the core of the overall laboratory construction. Beautiful, generous, durable, practical and international laboratory furniture has become the most basic pursuit of all laboratory construction. Experimental furniture, such as the material and specification of the experimental platform, and the corrosion resistance of the experimental cabinet are all related to the use of the laboratory in the future;
Step 3: overall laboratory system engineering scheme: at this time, the builder needs to comprehensively consider the overall planning of the laboratory, process flow, reasonable layout, network, heating, ventilation, power supply, water supply, drainage, ventilation, air purification, safety fire protection, environmental protection and other infrastructure and basic conditions. Laboratory system engineering is a rather complex step
Step 4: laboratory decoration: laboratory decoration includes indoor and outdoor decoration at the same time. Each laboratory has different standards and specifications for decoration. For example, ground, ceiling, doors and windows have different requirements and materials, and safety signs have corresponding standards.
Laboratory Safety Management Countermeasures
1. Improve the laboratory safety management organization and clarify the management responsibility
Due to the different specialties and categories of the laboratory, a special organization is needed to be responsible for the safety management of the laboratory. From top to bottom, the safety management system of the laboratory shall be established, with clear safety management level and safety responsibility.
2. Pay attention to the basic work of safety and strengthen the construction of safety standardization
The basic work of laboratory safety is to strengthen the construction of safety standardization laboratory. It focuses on the following four aspects:
(1) standardization of organization and management of laboratory safety operation. It is mainly to establish detailed and operable management standards for the whole process of laboratory safety management aiming at the safe operation of the laboratory.
(2) standardization of laboratory safety conditions. It is mainly to ensure that the laboratory buildings and water, electricity, gas and other pipeline facilities are standardized, the laboratory equipment and various accessories are intact, the laboratory site layout is reasonable, the access is smooth, and the laboratory safety standards are complete, eye-catching and intuitive. Laboratory safety protection facilities and alarm devices are complete and reliable.
(3) standardization of laboratory safety operation. Mainly for each laboratory single experiment or high-grade instruments and equipment to develop operating procedures and management specifications, to achieve standard and standardized operation.
(4) institutionalization of laboratory safety education. Carry out necessary safety education in the laboratory on a regular basis, so as to "prepare for the future and prevent the future". At the same time, do a good job in laboratory safety notification.
3. Increase the investment in laboratory safety facilities and improve the safety factor
对现有的实验室在防火、防爆、防毒、防盗、防辐射、防传染等安全装备设施关键加大斥资力度，按照实验室危险圆素的具体环境，更新、改造、配备需要的劳动保护装备设施和用品，安装需要的实验消防、通风、防爆装备设施，以期及早发现隐忧 ，肃清事易于 发生。
Increase investment in the existing laboratory safety facilities such as fire prevention, explosion-proof, gas prevention, anti-theft, radiation prevention and anti infection. According to the specific situation of the laboratory risk factors, update, transform and equip necessary labor protection facilities and supplies, and install necessary experimental fire prevention, ventilation and explosion-proof facilities, so as to find out the hidden dangers as early as possible and put an end to accidents.
4. Strengthen laboratory safety education and conduct safety training
安全教育是防忠子 乱子 发生的预防性work。实验室管理层要充溢重视实验室安全教育work，制定安全教育制度和长期的安全教育培训计划，加大实验室安全教育的投入，定期组织进入实验室work的教师和对学生进行系统安全 技术实现 知识进修的培训，强化安全意识，做好安全管理work。倡议应开设安全教育网页，开辟安全教育专栏，定期组织安全教育讲座，进行一些灭火、自救的演习，不断提高有关人员的安全 技术实现 水平，熟练把握事易于 应急处理方法，使每一个在实验室work和进修的人员都具备处置突发事件的能力。
Safety education is a preventive work to prevent accidents. The management of the laboratory shall pay full attention to the safety education of the laboratory, formulate the safety education system and long-term safety education and training plan, increase the investment in the safety education of the laboratory, regularly organize the teachers who enter the laboratory and train the students on the systematic safety technology knowledge, strengthen the safety awareness, and do a good job in the safety management. It is suggested that safety education webpage should be set up, safety education column should be set up, safety education lectures should be organized regularly, some fire fighting and self rescue exercises should be carried out, the safety technology level of relevant personnel should be continuously improved, and accident emergency handling methods should be mastered skillfully, so that every personnel working and studying in the laboratory can handle emergencies.