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  • 实验室策划需要care些什么?
    来源: 浏览:次 发布日期:2019-11-25
      About实验室装潢策划,无论是新建、扩建或是改建porject,都需要极大的工程量。它不单纯是选购合理的仪器设备,还要综合揣摩实验室的总体计划、合理计划和平面策划,以及供电、供水、供气、通风、空气净化、安全措施、环境保护等底子装备设施和基本条件。易于 实验室的建造是一项复杂的系统工程,森拉普尔凭借接连许多年的实验室建造经验,给众家总结出了一个好的实验室策划Plan的8个关键点,快点学起来吧!
      As for the decoration design of the laboratory, whether it is a new project, an extension project or a reconstruction project, a great amount of work is required. It is not only to choose reasonable instruments and equipment, but also to consider the overall planning, reasonable layout and plane design of the laboratory, as well as the infrastructure and basic conditions of power supply, water supply, gas supply, ventilation, air purification, safety measures, environmental protection, etc. Therefore, the construction of the laboratory is a complex system engineering. With years of laboratory construction experience, senlapur has summed up 8 key points of a good laboratory design scheme. Learn it quickly!
      01、实验室平面计划策划
      01. Laboratory layout design
      实验室平面计划策划噬洗照实验室性质、实验室的倾向定位、实验室的功能要旨、实验类型以及实验手工制作流程等圆素,按照国家相关准则针对实验室既有场地进行科学、合理的功能间区分和计划的work。
      The layout design of the laboratory is based on the nature of the laboratory, the target orientation of the laboratory, the functional requirements of the laboratory, the type of experiment and the technological process of the experiment, and in accordance with the relevant national standards, to carry out scientific and reasonable work of functional distinction and layout for the existing site of the laboratory.
      实验室平面计划策划非常要紧,是建造实验室的底子。以是森拉普尔SLP严格要旨实验室策划师必须熟悉国内建筑点缀知识、国内实验室相关准则和规范、熟悉所策划的实验室实验手工制作流程等。
      The layout design of the laboratory is very important, which is the basis of the construction of the laboratory. Therefore, SLP strictly requires laboratory designers to be familiar with the architectural decoration knowledge, relevant laboratory standards and specifications in China, and the designed laboratory experiment process.
      02、实验室面积及仪器摆放
      02. Laboratory area and instrument placement
      实验室策划上应按照该实验流程来细目仪器的种类、数量、规格型号、外形尺寸、电压功率等参数以及摆放地位,策划师针对性的做出仪器电源、给排水、供气、纯净水以及排风管道接口的策划。按照仪器数量及放置地位细目各区域所需面积,分割有效利用容量。仪器摆放不单要方便work,还要揣摩地上承重小case及磨损小case。
      Before the design of the laboratory, the type, quantity, specification and model, boundary dimension, voltage power and other parameters of the instrument as well as the placement position shall be determined according to the experimental process. The designer shall make the design of the instrument power supply, water supply and drainage, gas supply, purified water and exhaust pipe interface. Determine the required area of each area according to the number and placement position of the instrument, and divide the effective space. The arrangement of instruments should not only be convenient for work, but also consider the ground bearing and wear problems.
      03、实验室通风系统策划
      03. Design of laboratory ventilation system
      实验室通风系统策划是实验室策划中的重中之重,也是实验室建遭成败的关键圆素。实验室通风系统策划包含排风系统和补风系统两关键。
      The design of ventilation system is the most important part in the design of laboratory, and it is also the key factor for the success or failure of laboratory construction. The design of ventilation system in laboratory includes exhaust system and air supplement system.
      实验室通风系统的策划应按照《采暖通风与空气调 节策划规范》GB50019-2003,《民用建筑供暖通风空气调节策划规范》GB50736-2012等规范,排风系统则需要通过实际实验室所需排风风量、管道长度、管道走向以及现场实际环境,按照流体力学进行综合的归纳计算,科学合理的策划排风系统,进而达到策划上实验室的安全、舒适、节能等鹄的。
      The design of laboratory ventilation system shall be in accordance with the code for design of heating ventilation and air conditioning (GB50019-2003) and the code for design of heating ventilation and air conditioning of civil buildings (gb50736-2012). The exhaust system shall be scientifically analyzed and calculated according to the fluid mechanics through the exhaust air volume, pipe length, pipe direction and actual situation in the actual laboratory Reasonable design of exhaust system, and then achieve the design of laboratory safety, comfort, energy saving and other purposes.
      补风系统则应按照实验室类型的要旨进行策划,以实现特定的实验室对客厅压差的特定要旨。森拉普尔SLP的理化实验室要旨保持微负压(-5Pa—-10Pa)状态;个别特殊的生物安全实验室则有压力梯度的要旨,如准则的PCR实验室四个功能区压力就是要旨递减,试剂准备区(+5Pa)→样品制备区(+0Pa)→基因扩增区(-5Pa)→产物归纳区(-10Pa)。这样的实验室在设需要通过送排风的把握来实现。
      The make-up air system shall be designed according to the requirements of the laboratory type to achieve the specific requirements of the specific laboratory for the room pressure difference. The physical and chemical laboratory of SLP in senlapur requires to maintain the state of micro negative pressure (- 5pa-10pa); some special biosafety laboratories have the requirements of pressure gradient, for example, the pressure of four functional areas of the standard PCR laboratory is required to decrease, the reagent preparation area (+ 5pa) → sample preparation area (+ 0Pa) → gene amplification area (- 5pa) → product analysis area (- 10Pa). This kind of laboratory needs to be realized through the control of air supply and exhaust during the design.
      04、实验室电气工程策划
      04. Electrical engineering design of laboratory
      实验室电气工程策划包含强弱电两关键。强电关键主要包含仪器用电、照明插座等,弱电包含:网络、数据通信、广播、视频监控等等。
      The electrical engineering design of the laboratory includes strong and weak electricity. In terms of strong current, it mainly includes instrument power, lighting socket, etc., while weak current includes: network, data communication, broadcasting, video monitoring, etc.
      强电策划应按照各仪器设备功率汇总,按功能间、楼宇、整栋大楼一级一级的进行统计,按照电气工程学相关知识进行配电系统的策划。每个仪器间单独设置客厅终端配电箱,且主要仪器需要单独留出一个回路,不能与客厅照明或其他插座串联,这样主要是满足仪器设备的使用和维护要旨。楼宇配电箱应安置在专用的配电房,设置门锁,需专人管理。
      The design of strong current shall be based on the power summary of each instrument and equipment, the statistics of function room, floor and the first level of the whole building, and the design of power distribution system based on the relevant knowledge of electrical engineering. Each instrument room is equipped with a separate room terminal distribution box, and the main instrument needs to leave a separate circuit, which cannot be connected in series with the room lighting or other sockets, so as to meet the use and maintenance requirements of the instrument and equipment. The floor distribution box shall be placed in a special distribution room with a door lock, which shall be managed by a specially assigned person.
      实验室应配备UPS(不间断电源)为实验室主要设备供给保护。按照实验室设备用电参数,细目不间断电源功率及电流参数,应care不间断电源的决定应为实验室发展预留足够容量,揣摩明朝一段时间实验室添置仪器设备的可能性及计划购置仪器的参数,然下充溢预留配电负荷。电插按照需要可策划在墙面或地上,地上电插应有一定程度的防水,电插地位应靠近所供电仪器,减少地上走线室子 笛槭腋谜唷S捎诓患涠系缭瓷⑷取⒃胍艚洗螅笛槭壹苹痹谙虏可柚昧硕懒⒐┑绶坎⒃诳吞邪沧白ㄓ每盏鳌
      The laboratory shall be equipped with UPS (uninterruptible power supply) to protect the main equipment of the laboratory. According to the power consumption parameters of the laboratory equipment, the power and current parameters of the ups should be determined. It should be noted that the selection of the ups should reserve enough space for the development of the laboratory. The possibility of adding instruments and equipment in the laboratory in the future and the parameters of purchasing instruments should be considered, and then the distribution load should be fully reserved. The plug-in can be designed on the wall or on the ground according to the needs. The ground plug-in should be waterproof to a certain extent. The plug-in location should be close to the power supply instrument, reducing the ground wiring to make the laboratory cleaner. Due to the heat dissipation and noise of UPS, independent power supply room and special air conditioner are set in the back of the laboratory.
      弱电关键:针对现代实验室发展要旨和高技术发展趋势,倡议主要客厅都要策划多个网络通讯端口和至少一个电话接口;实验室计划策划阶段需要在主要通道策划摄像头进行实验室管理监控,有条件的可以每个客厅策划,甚至要紧精密仪器室加强摄像监控。
      Weak current aspect: according to the development requirements of modern laboratory and the development trend of science and technology, it is suggested that multiple network communication ports and at least one telephone interface should be designed in the main rooms; in the stage of laboratory planning and design, cameras should be designed in the main channel for laboratory management and monitoring, and if there is a piece of equipment, each room can be designed, or even the important precision instrument room should be strengthened with camera monitoring.
      05、实验室给排水策划
      05. Laboratory water supply and drainage design
      实验室给排水包含自来水和纯水。因为实验室的给排水更好的方式都是采取应用暗装,以是策划如果有遗漏的话将会给下期的实验室管理带来很大的不便和烦恼。
      The laboratory water supply and drainage includes tap water and pure water. Because the best way of water supply and drainage in the laboratory is to use concealed installation, if the design is omitted, it will bring great inconvenience and trouble to the later laboratory management.
      普通自来水一般而言,实验室给水管道选用优质的U-PVC管道,主管可以选用6′,支管可以选用4′;排水管选用优质的PPR管道,一般决定φ50或φ75,特殊环境可以选用φ110的。
      Generally speaking, high-quality U-PVC pipes can be used as the laboratory water supply pipes, 6 'for the main pipes and 4' for the branch pipes; high-quality PPR pipes can be used as the drainage pipes, generally φ 50 or φ 75, and φ 110 pipes can be used in special cases.
      纯净水,按照一切设备满负荷运行所需纯水水量及等级细目合适制水设备,所选设备水处理能力也应预留足够容量。森拉普尔SLP策划中将噪音的气泵(为自动化流水线供给气体压力)和纯水处理仪放置在实验室下部独立的水机房,纯水仪防漏管道直接联通实验室排水系统,并在机房内设置了吸水泵,方便处理一定程度的泄露。易于 得出,还在实验室仪器轴线上设置了两个地底凹槽,给排水管路全部铺设在地下。
      Pure water: determine the appropriate water making equipment according to the pure water quantity and grade required for full load operation of all equipment, and reserve enough space for the water treatment capacity of the selected equipment. In the SLP design, the most noisy air pump (providing gas pressure for the automatic assembly line) and the pure water treatment instrument are placed in the independent water machine room at the back of the central laboratory. The leak proof pipeline of the pure water instrument is directly connected with the drainage system of the laboratory, and the water absorption pump is set in the machine room to facilitate the treatment of a certain degree of leakage. In addition, two subsoil grooves are arranged on the axis of the laboratory instrument, and all the water supply and drainage pipes are laid underground.
      06、实验室空调系统
      06. Laboratory air conditioning system
      实验室的温湿度应按照实验要旨策划,普通的理化室采取应用普通的分体空调或多联机即可。对于精密仪器室对温湿度有一定的要旨,譬喻ICP、ICP-MS等。另有一些特殊的如纤维检验、纸品检测、纺织面料等对温湿度都有更高的要旨。策划师在策划这样的实验室是需要按照准则针对性的选材。
      The temperature and humidity of the laboratory should be designed according to the requirements of the experiment. The ordinary physical and chemical room can be designed by using ordinary split air conditioning or multi connected. For precision instrument room, there are certain requirements for temperature and humidity, such as ICP, ICP-MS, etc. There are also some special requirements for temperature and humidity, such as fiber inspection, paper inspection, textile fabrics, etc. In designing such a laboratory, designers need to select materials according to the standards.
      纺织品和纺织原料检验的准则大气按ISO139和GB6529准则规定,温度20±1 ℃,相对湿度65百分比±2百分比;纸张、纸品和纸箱类商品检验的准则大气按照ISO187和GB10739准则规定,温度23±1℃,相对湿度50百分比±2百分比。除了通例温湿度的恒温恒湿实验室,还有其它特殊的5-18℃低温、30-80℃ 摄氏、相对湿度要旨小于40百分比RH低湿、相对湿度高于80百分比RH的高湿等特殊要旨的恒温恒湿实验室。
      The standard atmosphere for the inspection of textiles and textile raw materials shall be in accordance with iso139 and gb6529 standards, with a temperature of 20 ± 1 ℃ and a relative humidity of 65百分比 ± 2百分比; the standard atmosphere for the inspection of paper, paper products and cartons shall be in accordance with iso187 and gb10739 standards, with a temperature of 23 ± 1 ℃ and a relative humidity of 50百分比 ± 2百分比. In addition to the conventional constant temperature and humidity laboratory, there are other special constant temperature and humidity laboratories with special requirements, such as 5-18 ℃ low temperature, 30-80 ℃ high temperature, relative humidity less than 40百分比 RH low humidity, relative humidity higher than 80百分比 RH high humidity.
      07、实验室照度及噪音把握策划
      07. Laboratory illumination and noise control design
      按照生物安全实验室建筑 技术实现 规范要旨BSL-2实验室照度不低于300Lux,噪声不超过68dB6。实验房间内部装潢上,向正式动土方提出了实验室的照度要旨,建成下又进行了照度检测,机房照度约为285-319lux,主要work区照度约为375-384lux,基本符合BSL-2实验室建造准则。采取水电独立等措施下实验室环境噪音明显减小,尤其是在相对独立的主要work区测定分贝数与普通诊室基本同样。
      According to the building technical specifications of biosafety laboratory, the illumination of BSL-2 laboratory shall not be less than 300lux, and the noise shall not be more than 68db6. Before the interior decoration of the laboratory, the illuminance requirements of the laboratory were put forward to the construction party, and after the completion, the illuminance test was carried out. The illuminance of the machine room is about 285-319lux, and the illuminance of the core working area is about 375-384lux, basically in line with the BSL-2 laboratory construction standard. After taking the measures of water and electricity independence, the environmental noise in the laboratory is obviously reduced, especially in the relatively independent core working area, the decibel number is basically the same as that in the ordinary consulting room.
      08、实验室净化及净化等级
      08. Laboratory purification and purification level
      实验室建造上应按照微生物和生物医学实验室生物安全通用准则、GB19489-2008实验室生物安全通用要旨、病原微生物实验室生物安全管理条例(国务院424号令)进行生物安全评估,细目实验室是否需要净化以及净化等级。
      Before the construction of the laboratory, the biosafety assessment shall be carried out according to the general biosafety guidelines for microbiological and biomedical laboratories, the general biosafety requirements for laboratories (gb19489-2008) and the biosafety management regulations for pathogenic microbiological laboratories (Order No. 424 of the State Council), to determine whether the laboratory needs to be purified and the purification level.
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