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  • 实验室的策划装潢符合哪些人体工程学?
    来源: 浏览:次 发布日期:2019-05-27
      实验室是高校教学科研的要紧实践场所。实验众具策划在实验房间内部部环境策划中占有非常要紧的感化。人体工程学以人-机-环境作为研究对象,通过揭示人-机-环境之间竞相关系的规律,实现人机系统性能优化,易于 改善生活和work环境。本文从人体工学的角度出发,论述了实验室众具的策划,即在实验室众具策划中充溢运用人体工学原理,尽量满足使用者人体工学的需求,令做实验者操作实验时感觉方便舒适、轻轻愉悦。
      Laboratory is an important place of practice for teaching and scientific research in Colleges and universities. The design of experimental furniture plays a very important role in the design of indoor environment. Ergonomics takes man-machine-environment as its research object. By revealing the law of the relationship between man-machine-environment, it can optimize the performance of man-machine system and improve the living and working environment. From the angle of ergonomics, this paper discusses the design of laboratory furniture, that is, to make full use of ergonomics principles in the design of laboratory furniture, to meet the ergonomics needs of users as far as possible, and to make the experimenter feel convenient, comfortable and lightly pleasant when operating the experiment.
      1 人体工程学
      1 Ergonomics
      人体工程学源于泰西,又称“人机工程学”。万国人体工程学学会对人体工程学的定义是:“研究人在work环境中的解剖学、生理学、心理学等关键的圆素,研究系统中各组成部分的交互感化(效率、康泰、安全、舒适等),研究在work和家庭中、在休假的环境里,如何实现人-机-环境优化的小case的学科。”实验室里,做实验者、仪器设备、实验众具和实验房间内部部环境等圆素组成了实验室人体环境系统。人体工程学运用人体生理、心理计量和测量等方法,研究实验室操作人员的人体结构功能、心理、力学等关键的圆素,以适合人们身心活动的需求,进而取得佳的使用效能。
      Ergonomics originated from Europe and America, also known as "ergonomics". The International Society of Human Engineering defines ergonomics as "the study of human anatomy, physiology, psychology and other factors in the working environment, the study of the interaction of various components of the system (efficiency, health, safety, comfort, etc.), and the study of how to achieve the optimization of human-machine-environment in the working and family environment and in the vacation environment". In the laboratory, the human environment system of the laboratory is composed of the experimenter, equipment, furniture and indoor environment. Ergonomics uses the methods of human physiology, psychometrics and measurement to study the factors of human structure, function, psychology and mechanics of laboratory operators, so as to meet the needs of people's physical and mental activities, and to achieve the best use efficiency.
      2 当上实验室众具策划存在的小case
      2 Current problems in laboratory furniture design
    实验室装潢
      Now,很多实验室的众具策划不符合人体需求,给实验操作带来很多不便。 诸如:有的实验台桌面高度不合理,过高遭成颈肩不适,过低遭成背部上倾。有的实验台桌面宽度不够,手臂操作容量太小,遭成肩部和手肘的肌肉群疲劳酸痛。有的实验操作台容量策划不合理,实验器具和实验质料区域计划不明确,仪器设备杂乱放置,匆子 侄靡⑹泳跗@停獬晌蟛僮鳌S行┦笛樽尾环先颂逍枨螅て诰米鍪笛榇易于 侄醚岜惩础
      At present, the furniture design of many laboratories does not meet the needs of the human body, which brings a lot of inconvenience to the experimental operation. For example: some experimental table table height is unreasonable, too high cause neck and shoulder discomfort, too low cause back forward. In some cases, the width of the desktop is not enough and the manipulation space of the arm is too small, resulting in fatigue and soreness of the muscles of the shoulder and elbow. Some experimental manipulators are unreasonable in space design, unclear division of experimental instruments and materials, and disorderly placement of instruments and equipment, which can easily lead to visual fatigue and misoperation. Some experimental chairs do not meet the needs of the human body, long-term sitting experiments are easy to backache.
      如该所述,实验众具的策划应以人为本,充溢应用人体工程学的原理,尊重实验操作者的生理和心理需求,为他们供给科学方便、舒适宜人的实验众具,改善和优化实验房间内部部环境,进而提高实验准确率和实验创新率,易于 取得更优质的教学科研成果。
      To sum up, the design of experimental furniture should be people-oriented, fully apply the principles of ergonomics, respect the physiological and psychological needs of experimental operators, provide them with scientific, convenient, comfortable and pleasant experimental furniture, improve and optimize the internal environment of the laboratory, and then improve the accuracy and innovation rate of the experiment, so as to achieve better teaching and scientific research results.
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