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  • 无菌室实验室装潢的具体细节!
    来源: 浏览:次 发布日期:2019-02-25
    无菌实验室整体结构:
      The overall structure of the aseptic laboratory:
      1、无菌实验室策划的各项建筑物应坚固耐用、易于维修、易于清洁,并有能防忠子 称贰⑹称方哟ッ婕澳诎爸柿显馐芪廴(如有害动物的侵入、栖息、繁殖等)的结构。
      1. Buildings designed by aseptic laboratories should be durable, easy to maintain and clean, and have structures that can prevent contamination of food, food contact surfaces and inner packaging materials (such as invasion, habitation and reproduction of harmful animals).
      2、为防止交叉污染,应分别设置人员通道及物料运输通道,人员通道应按洁净室通道要旨(参考上图)严格执行,各通道应装有空气幕(即风幕)或双向弹簧门及电子灭蝇(蚊)器等防虫装备设施。
      2. In order to prevent cross-contamination, personnel corridors and material transport corridors should be set up separately. Personnel corridors should be strictly implemented according to the requirements of clean room corridors (refer to the above figure). Each corridor should be equipped with air curtain (i.e. wind curtain), two-way spring door and electronic fly killer (mosquito) and other anti-insect facilities.
      3、须将通向外界的管路、门窗和通风道四周的空隙完全充填,一切窗户、通风口和风机开口均应装上防护网。
      3. The voids around the pipes, doors, windows and ventilation channels that lead to the outside world should be fully filled. All windows, vents and fan openings should be covered with protective nets.
      4、无菌实验室的高度应能满足手工制作、卫生要旨,以及设备安装、维护、保养的需要。
      4. The height of aseptic laboratory should meet the requirements of technology and sanitation, as well as the needs of equipment installation, maintenance and maintenance.
      无菌实验室的操作台
      Operating desk of aseptic Laboratory
      无菌work区好有好用无菌操作台,没有的话也可以用洁净work台代替。需要放置在离门远的区域。
      Aseptic workspace is best equipped with aseptic workbench. If not, clean workbench can be used instead. It needs to be placed farthest from the door.
      无菌实验室的地上与排水
      Ground and Drainage of Aseptic Laboratory
      无菌实验室策划的地上应使用无毒、不渗水、不吸水、防滑、无裂隙且易于清洗消毒的建筑质料铺砌(如耐酸砖、水磨石、混凝土等),地上应有适当坡度(以1.0~1.5百分比为宜)。
      The floor designed by aseptic laboratory should be paved with non-toxic, impermeable, non-absorbent, non-slip, non-cracked and easy to clean and disinfect building materials (such as acid-resistant bricks, terrazzo, concrete, etc.) and the ground should have appropriate gradient (1.0-1.5百分比).
      无菌实验室屋顶与天花板
      Roof and ceiling of aseptic Laboratory
      1、屋顶和天花板应选用不吸水、表面光洁、无毒、防霉、耐腐蚀、易清洁的浅色质料覆涂。
      1. The roof and ceiling should be coated with light-colored materials which are not absorbent, clean, non-toxic, mildew-proof, corrosion-resistant and easy to clean.
      2、食品及食品接触面暴露的上方不应设有蒸气、水、电气等辅助管道,以防止灰尘或冷凝水等落入。
      2. Steam, water, electricity and other auxiliary pipes should not be installed above the food and food contact surface to prevent dust or condensate from falling into it.
      无菌实验室墙壁与门窗
      Sterile laboratory walls and doors and windows
      1、无菌实验室的墙壁应采取应用无毒、不吸水、不渗水、防霉、平滑、易清洗的浅色质料构筑,用此质料装潢高度应直至屋顶。
      1. The walls of aseptic laboratories should be constructed with light-colored materials which are non-toxic, non-absorbent, non-seepage, mildew-proof, smooth and easy to clean. The height of decoration with this material should be up to the roof.
      2、一切门窗结构应采取应用防锈、防霉、易清洗的密封框架。
      2. All doors and windows shall be constructed with rust-proof, moisture-proof and easy-to-clean sealing frames.
      无菌实验室采光、照明装备设施
      Lighting and lighting facilities in aseptic laboratories
      无菌实验室应有充足的自然采光或人员照明,加工场所work面的混合照度不应低于300lx,配料及灌装车间不应低于800lx。
      The aseptic laboratory should have sufficient natural lighting or artificial lighting, the mixed illumination of the working face in the processing site should not be less than 300 lx, and the batching and filling workshop should not be less than 800lx.
      无菌实验室空气处理净化装备设施
      Air Treatment and Purification Facilities in Aseptic Laboratories
      1、无菌实验室必须安装有效的通风设备,其空气流向应从清洁区域流向非清洁区域,采取应用机器通风时,换气量应大于3次/钟点。
      1. Effective ventilation equipment must be installed in aseptic laboratories. The air flow direction should be from clean areas to non-clean areas. When mechanical ventilation is used, the ventilation volume should be greater than 3 times per hour.
      2、无菌实验室温度应把握在15~27℃之间,湿度以把握在50百分比以下为宜。
      2. The temperature of aseptic laboratory should be controlled between 15 and 27 degrees C, and the humidity should be controlled below 50百分比.
      3、无菌实验室入口处应分别设有人员和物料的净化装备设施。
      3. The entrance of aseptic laboratory should be equipped with purification facilities for personnel and materials respectively.
    无菌室装潢
      无菌实验室的管理和消毒
      Management and disinfection of aseptic laboratories
      无菌实验室是细菌实验房间内部用于无菌操作的小室,其内部点缀、消毒条件要旨更严格。1、无菌实验室应每次使用上下用0.1百分比苯扎溴铵溶液或2百分比甲醛液擦拭work台面及可能污染的死角,湿拖地上,打开无菌空气过滤器及超净work台的开关30分钟,紫外线杀菌灯照射1钟点。
      Aseptic laboratory is a small room used for aseptic operation in bacterial laboratory, and its interior decoration and disinfection conditions are more stringent. 1. Before and after each use, the sterile laboratory should wipe the working table and dead corner which may be polluted with 0.1百分比 benzalkonium bromide solution or 2百分比 formaldehyde solution, wet the ground, open the switch of sterile air filter and ultra-clean working table for 30 minutes, and irradiate the ultraviolet bactericidal lamp for 1 hour.
      2、操作人员用肥皂洗手下进入缓冲间换拖鞋,用75百分比乙醇棉球擦手,穿戴work衣帽、口罩。将所需物品剥去牛皮纸及外包装,从传递窗移入操作间,再用0.1百分比苯扎溴铵溶液泡手下进入操作间,在乙醇(或煤气灯)火焰区(火焰高度3-5cm)操作。
      2. After washing hands with soap, the operator enters the buffer room to change slippers, wipes hands with 75百分比 alcohol cotton ball, and wears working clothes, caps and masks. Peel off the kraft paper and wrap it, move it from the transfer window into the operation room, soak it in 0.1百分比 benzalkonium bromide solution and enter the operation room, operate in the ethanol (or gas lamp) flame zone (flame height 3-5 cm).
      3、操作者勿用嘴直接吸吹吸管,防止致病菌感染操作人员及口中的杂菌污染供试品。
      3. Operators should not directly suck and blow suction pipes with their mouths to prevent pathogenic bacteria from infecting operators and contaminating test samples with miscellaneous bacteria in their mouths.
      4、供试品表面消毒,如为安瓿先用砂轮划痕下用2百分比碘酒棉球擦拭,再用75百分比乙醇棉球擦拭、待干,也可以用消毒液浸泡消毒。
      4. For the surface disinfection of the sample, if the ampoule is scratched with a grinding wheel first, then wiped with 2百分比 iodine alcohol cotton ball, then wiped with 75百分比 alcohol cotton ball, to be dry, it can also be soaked in disinfectant disinfection.
      5、注射器如需回抽时,应对着火焰吸入无菌空气。
      5. When syringes need to be pumped back, they should inhale sterile air in front of the flame.
      6、在无菌操作中切勿大幅度或快速动作、拖行,以免搅动空气中尘埃微粒。
      6. Do not move or drag large or fast in aseptic operation to avoid disturbing dust particles in the air.
      7、所用的器材如培养基、稀释剂配制下经湿热灭菌121℃30分钟,吸管培养皿等均应洗涤,干燥,包扎下经干热灭菌160℃2钟点才能使用。
      7. The equipment used, such as culture medium and diluent, should be washed and dried after sterilization at 121 30 minutes by wet heat, and pipette dishes should be sterilized at 160 2 hours by dry heat after dressing.
      如该始末由无菌室装潢整理发布,更好优质详细始末可以点击吾们的官网进行咨询:
      More details can be found on our website: .
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