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  • 浅析实验室建造误区
    来源: 浏览:次 发布日期:2018-10-16
    一贯的实验室是由几个甚至十几个子系统进行的有机组合,共同构建的一个大的实验室环境。它不是建筑、仪器和实验众具的easy组合。在实验室着手策划和建造之上,就必须事先完成後期的调研、计划、策划work。
    Usually a laboratory is an organic combination of several or even dozens of professional subsystems to build a large laboratory environment. It is not a simple combination of architecture, apparatus and experimental furniture. Before the design and construction of the laboratory, it is necessary to complete the preliminary research, planning and design work.
    目上,国内实验室建造存在一个普遍现象,就是在还没有进行全面、细致的实验室策划的环境下,就开始土建策划和正式动土,由此会带来一系列的小case。譬喻:建筑模块不符合要旨(指大楼的容量、进深、层高、走廊尺度不能满足实验室的手工制作需求);大楼屋面和有特殊要旨的局部楼面承重和抗震指标不能满足设备需求;大楼的排风井、电井、给水井和供气管井等的地位和大小不能满足建造要旨;大楼的配电负荷不够;大楼未设独立的实验室排水管网,或地位、数量不满足要旨,以及未建废水调节池;未揣摩实验室补风、洁净实验室新风和恒温恒湿新风引入地位;因为揣摩不周详,引进的设备摆放地位不理想,或配套的水、电、气不到位等等,为下期的实验室建造埋下隐忧 (国内很多已建成porject或多或少出现了如该的一些类似小case,一定程度上增加了工程造价,拖延了porject工期,影响了预期成果)。
    At present, there is a common phenomenon in domestic laboratory construction, that is, in the absence of comprehensive and detailed laboratory design, civil engineering design and construction began, which will bring a series of problems. For example: building modules do not meet the requirements (referring to the building space, depth, floor height, corridor scale can not meet the technological requirements of the laboratory); building roof and special requirements of local floor load and seismic indicators can not meet the equipment needs; building professional ventilation wells, wells, water wells and gas supply wells and other locations The size and size of the building can not meet the requirements of professional construction; the distribution load of the building is insufficient; the building does not have an independent laboratory drainage network, or the location and quantity of the building does not meet the requirements, as well as the construction of waste water control pool; did not consider the laboratory supplementary air, clean laboratory fresh air and constant temperature and humidity fresh air introduction location; because of inadequate consideration, introduced The unsatisfactory placement of equipment, or the lack of water, electricity, gas, and so on, lay a hidden danger for the later laboratory construction (many domestic completed projects more or less appeared above some similar problems, to a certain extent, increased the project cost, delayed the project duration, affected the expected results).
    实验室装潢
    实质上,大楼土建只是实现实验室功能需求的载体,装载是实验众具和仪器设备,效劳于实验室的赋性DIV需求。易于 ,在土建工程计划策划之上,起首要制定实验室的总体计划,细目实验室建造的鹄的、任务、按照和规模,细目各类实验室功能、手工制作条件以及规模大小,细目近远期所需要的仪器设备,以及配套的环境要旨等。在各关键work准备就绪下,综合各的基本要旨,统筹兼顾,再着手土建工程策划和正式动土,从源头上避免差错的发生,下期的实验室建造才能做到“水到渠成”。
    In fact, building construction is only the carrier to achieve the functional requirements of the laboratory, loading is the experimental furniture and equipment, serving the laboratory's professional personalized needs. Therefore, before the planning and design of civil engineering, we should first formulate the overall plan of the laboratory, determine the purpose, task, basis and scale of the laboratory construction, determine the functions, technological conditions and size of various laboratories, determine the instruments and equipment needed in the near and long term, and the supporting environmental requirements. After all aspects of work are ready, the basic requirements of various professions are integrated, and the civil engineering design and construction are considered as a whole. Errors can be avoided from the source. Only in the later stage of laboratory construction can we achieve "water to canal".
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