Usually a laboratory is an organic combination of several or even dozens of professional subsystems to build a large laboratory environment. It is not a simple combination of architecture, apparatus and experimental furniture. Before the design and construction of the laboratory, it is necessary to complete the preliminary research, planning and design work.
At present, there is a common phenomenon in domestic laboratory construction, that is, in the absence of comprehensive and detailed laboratory design, civil engineering design and construction began, which will bring a series of problems. For example: building modules do not meet the requirements (referring to the building space, depth, floor height, corridor scale can not meet the technological requirements of the laboratory); building roof and special requirements of local floor load and seismic indicators can not meet the equipment needs; building professional ventilation wells, wells, water wells and gas supply wells and other locations The size and size of the building can not meet the requirements of professional construction; the distribution load of the building is insufficient; the building does not have an independent laboratory drainage network, or the location and quantity of the building does not meet the requirements, as well as the construction of waste water control pool; did not consider the laboratory supplementary air, clean laboratory fresh air and constant temperature and humidity fresh air introduction location; because of inadequate consideration, introduced The unsatisfactory placement of equipment, or the lack of water, electricity, gas, and so on, lay a hidden danger for the later laboratory construction (many domestic completed projects more or less appeared above some similar problems, to a certain extent, increased the project cost, delayed the project duration, affected the expected results).
In fact, building construction is only the carrier to achieve the functional requirements of the laboratory, loading is the experimental furniture and equipment, serving the laboratory's professional personalized needs. Therefore, before the planning and design of civil engineering, we should first formulate the overall plan of the laboratory, determine the purpose, task, basis and scale of the laboratory construction, determine the functions, technological conditions and size of various laboratories, determine the instruments and equipment needed in the near and long term, and the supporting environmental requirements. After all aspects of work are ready, the basic requirements of various professions are integrated, and the civil engineering design and construction are considered as a whole. Errors can be avoided from the source. Only in the later stage of laboratory construction can we achieve "water to canal".